Your AutoCheck Vehicle History Report

Report run: 12/07/2021 11:00:30 EST

Experian
This report is brought to you by:

PALMEN MOTORS
5431 75TH ST
KENOSHA, WI 53142
262.697.3100
PALMENMOTORS.COM

2013 GMC Yukon XL Denali

SUV 4D (6.2L V8 SPFI)

VIN:
1GKS2MEF0DR269080
Class:
SUV - Large
Country of Assembly:
United States
Vehicle Age:
8 year(s)

This vehicle is eligible for Buyback Protection

Buyback

Due to the vehicle's history showing no reported major state title brands. View terms and conditions and to register your vehicle.

YOUR VEHICLE AT A GLANCE
AutoCheck Score
Autocheck score dial
93
89
94

This vehicle's AutoCheck Score: 93

Other comparable 2013 vehicles in the SUV - Large typically score between 89-94.

The patented AutoCheck score predicts the likelihood a car will be on the road in 5 years. It compares vehicles of similar age and class based on a scale of 1-100. The AutoCheck score is based on a proprietary model to help you understand a vehicles predicted reliability as it pertains to age, number of owners, accidents and other vehicle history factors.

Learn more about the AutoCheck Score

Report sections
Click a section to learn more
Number of Owners
many owners
Calculated Owners: 2
Timeline Arrow
Last owner Card image cap
Last Owner

Purchased: 2013

Where: NY

Owned from: 06/01/2013 - 08/26/2016

3 year(s) 2 month(s)

Last Owner Timeline marker 3 year(s) 2 month(s)
Current owner Card image cap
Current Owner

Purchased: 2016

Where: WI

Owned from: 08/26/2016 - Present

5 year(s) 3 month(s)

Current owner Timeline marker 5 year(s) 3 month(s)
info-icon
Vehicle Use: There is indication of the below usage(s) for this vehicle

Personal | Fleet | Rental | Lease |

Taxi | Livery | Police | Government |

Drivers Ed | Commercial

Personal | Fleet | Rental | Lease | Taxi | Livery | Police | Government | Drivers Ed | Commercial
check-icon

Your Vehicle Checks Out: No major state title brand has been reported by the state Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV). Your vehicle is qualified for the AutoCheck Buyback Protection Program. Terms and conditions. Register here.

title brand
0 Problem(s) Reported
Major State Title Areas Checked
check-icon
No fire brand
check-icon
No hail brand
check-icon
No flood brand
check-icon
No junk or scrapped brand
check-icon
No manufacturer buyback
check-icon
No lemon brand
check-icon
No salvage brand
check-icon
No rebuilt or rebuildable brand
check-icon
No odometer brand (EML or NAM)
Back to top
Accident Check

Accident Check

check-icon

Your Vehicle Checks Out: AutoCheck has not received any accident records from government sources and independent agencies on this vehicle. Not all accidents are reported to AutoCheck.

accident-no-accident
Back to top
check-icon

Your Vehicle Checks Out: AutoCheck has not received a damage-related event from an auction or an independent source. Not all damage events are reported to AutoCheck. It is recommended to have pre-owned vehicles inspected by a third party prior to purchase.

no-damage
0 Problem(s) Reported
Other Problem Areas Checked
check-icon
No non-title fire damaged record
check-icon
No non-title hail damaged record
check-icon
No non-title flood damaged record
check-icon
No auction junk or scrapped record
check-icon
No auction rebuilt or rebuildable record
check-icon
No salvage auction record
check-icon
No damaged or major damage incident record
check-icon
No structural damage or structural alteration record
check-icon
No recycling facility record
check-icon
No crash test record
Back to top
vehicle_section_header

Your Vehicle Checks Out: No Non-major state title brand(s) and/or additional significant event(s) has been reported to AutoCheck.

0 Event(s) Reported
Vehicle Events Checked
check-icon
No Insurance Loss record
check-icon
No Titled to an insurance company record
check-icon
No Auction Lemon/Manufacturer Buyback record
check-icon
No abandoned title record
check-icon
No grey market title record
check-icon
No loan/lien record(s)
check-icon
No repossessed record
check-icon
No corrected title record
check-icon
No duplicate title record
check-icon
No theft record(s)
Back to top
check-icon

Your Vehicle Checks Out: No odometer brands, rollbacks, rollover or tampering has been reported to AutoCheck from state Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or auction sources. AutoCheck also examined the sequence of reported odometer readings to determine if there are any potential discrepancies.

check-icon

State title odometer check

check-icon

Auction odometer check

check-icon

Odometer calculation check

0 Problem(s) Reported
Mileage
Date Reported
Other
check-icon
8
06/27/2013
check-icon
23,522
07/07/2016
check-icon
23,527
08/22/2016
check-icon
27,000
10/31/2016
check-icon
29,449
12/30/2016
check-icon
36,393
08/22/2017
check-icon
39,729
09/13/2017
check-icon
44,318
12/19/2017
check-icon
54,136
08/23/2018
check-icon
57,000
10/23/2018
check-icon
57,850
10/23/2018
check-icon
59,177
01/02/2019
check-icon
78,434
03/05/2020
check-icon
89,365
06/17/2021
check-icon
89,724
08/04/2021
check-icon
90,830
10/27/2021
Back to top
Open Safty Recall

Open Recall Check

check-icon

Your Vehicle Checks Out: AutoCheck found no open recalls reported by the vehicle manufacturer. Not all open recalls are reported to AutoCheck.

Back to top
info icon

Information Reported: There have been some service and repair information reported from dealers or service shops.

Date of Service
Location
Source
Service Type
12/30/2016
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/22/2017
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
09/13/2017
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
12/19/2017
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/23/2018
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/23/2018
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
BATTERY SERVICED OR REPLACED
EMISSION SYSTEM SERVICED
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
01/02/2019
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
03/05/2020
AZ
Independent Repair Center
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
CHASSIS SERVICED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
06/17/2021
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/04/2021
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
VEHICLE DETAILED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/27/2021
WI
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
BRAKES SERVICED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Date of Service: 12/30/2016

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 08/22/2017

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 09/13/2017

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 12/19/2017

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 08/23/2018

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 10/23/2018

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: BATTERY SERVICED OR REPLACED
EMISSION SYSTEM SERVICED
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 01/02/2019

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Date of Service: 03/05/2020

Location: AZ

Source: Independent Repair Center    

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
CHASSIS SERVICED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Date of Service: 06/17/2021

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 08/04/2021

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: VEHICLE DETAILED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Date of Service: 10/27/2021

Location: WI

Source: Palmen Buick     262.694.1500

Service Type: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
BRAKES SERVICED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

back to top

Below are the historical events for this vehicle listed in chronological order. Any discrepancies will be in bold text.

Report Run Date: 12/07/2021 11:00:30 EST

Vehicle: 2013 GMC Yukon XL Denali (1GKS2MEF0DR269080)

Event Date
Location
Odometer Reading
Data Source
Details
06/01/2013
OLD WESTBURY, NY
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
06/27/2013
NY
8
Motor Vehicle Dept.
TITLE
04/22/2015
OLD WESTBURY, NY
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL(Leased Vehicle)
07/07/2016
MI
23,522
Auto Auction
REPORTED AT AUTO AUCTION
08/22/2016
WI
23,527
Motor Vehicle Dept.
ODOMETER READING FROM DMV
08/26/2016
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
TITLE(Title #:16239C5060075)
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
10/14/2016
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
10/31/2016
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
10/31/2016
KENOSHA, WI
27,000
Motor Vehicle Dept.
PASSED EMISSION INSPECTION
12/30/2016
KENOSHA, WI
29,449
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/22/2017
KENOSHA, WI
36,393
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
09/13/2017
KENOSHA, WI
39,729
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/13/2017
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
12/19/2017
KENOSHA, WI
44,318
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/23/2018
KENOSHA, WI
54,136
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/23/2018
KENOSHA, WI
57,000
Motor Vehicle Dept.
PASSED EMISSION INSPECTION
10/23/2018
KENOSHA, WI
57,850
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
BATTERY SERVICED OR REPLACED
EMISSION SYSTEM SERVICED
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/25/2018
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
01/02/2019
KENOSHA, WI
59,177
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
10/10/2019
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
03/05/2020
SCOTTSDALE, AZ
78,434
Independent Repair Center
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
CHASSIS SERVICED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
10/06/2020
KENOSHA, WI
Motor Vehicle Dept.
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL
06/17/2021
KENOSHA, WI
89,365
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
08/04/2021
KENOSHA, WI
89,724
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
VEHICLE DETAILED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED
10/27/2021
KENOSHA, WI
90,830
Palmen Buick
262.694.1500
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
BRAKES SERVICED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Event Date: 06/01/2013

Location: OLD WESTBURY, NY

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 06/27/2013

Location: NY

Odometer Reading: 8

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: TITLE

Event Date: 04/22/2015

Location: OLD WESTBURY, NY

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL(Leased Vehicle)

Event Date: 07/07/2016

Location: MI

Odometer Reading: 23,522

Data Source: Auto Auction

Details: REPORTED AT AUTO AUCTION

Event Date: 08/22/2016

Location: WI

Odometer Reading: 23,527

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: ODOMETER READING FROM DMV

Event Date: 08/26/2016

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: TITLE(Title #:16239C5060075)
REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 10/14/2016

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 10/31/2016

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 10/31/2016

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 27,000

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: PASSED EMISSION INSPECTION

Event Date: 12/30/2016

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 29,449

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 08/22/2017

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 36,393

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 09/13/2017

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 39,729

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 10/13/2017

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 12/19/2017

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 44,318

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 08/23/2018

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 54,136

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 10/23/2018

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 57,000

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: PASSED EMISSION INSPECTION

Event Date: 10/23/2018

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 57,850

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: BATTERY SERVICED OR REPLACED
EMISSION SYSTEM SERVICED
MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
VEHICLE DETAILED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 10/25/2018

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 01/02/2019

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 59,177

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Event Date: 10/10/2019

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 03/05/2020

Location: SCOTTSDALE, AZ

Odometer Reading: 78,434

Data Source: Independent Repair Center

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
CHASSIS SERVICED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Event Date: 10/06/2020

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading:

Data Source: Motor Vehicle Dept.

Details: REGISTRATION EVENT/RENEWAL

Event Date: 06/17/2021

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 89,365

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
VEHICLE DETAILED
TIRES OR WHEELS SERVICE PERFORMED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 08/04/2021

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 89,724

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: VEHICLE DETAILED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
PROMOTIONAL SERVICE PERFORMED

Event Date: 10/27/2021

Location: KENOSHA, WI

Odometer Reading: 90,830

Data Source: Palmen Buick   262.694.1500

Details: MULTIPLE POINT VEHICLE INSPECTION
BRAKES SERVICED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM SERVICED
LIGHTS OR SIGNALS SERVICED
LUBE, OIL AND/OR FILTER CHANGED

Back to top

Below are the specific definitions for events that appear in this vehicle's report. More information is available in the full AutoCheck glossary.

Term: Lease Use

Section Location: Vehicle Use

Definition: Vehicle was registered as lease vehicle.

Term
Section Location
Definition
Lease Use
Vehicle Use
Vehicle was registered as lease vehicle.
Back to top

AutoCheck Terms and Conditions
This report, and any reliance upon it, is subject to AutoCheck Terms and Conditions. If you obtained the report from a lender/dealer, the lender/dealer has been provided with these Terms and Conditions and can share them with you. These AutoCheck Terms and Conditions are also available at any time at www.autocheck.com/terms or by writing to Experian: Experian Automotive C/O AutoCheck Customer Service 955 American Lane Schaumburg, IL 60173.

Buyback Protection Terms and Conditions
This vehicle (1GKS2MEF0DR269080) qualifies for AutoCheck Buyback Protection. If you obtained the report from a dealer, the dealer has been provided with the terms and can share them with you. These Buyback Protection Terms and Conditions are also available to you at any time at www.autocheck.com/bbpterms or by writing to Experian: Experian Automotive C/O AutoCheckCustomer Service 955 American Lane Schaumburg, IL 60173.

About AutoCheck
AutoCheck vehicle history reports by Experian Automotive is the leading vehicle history reporting service. With expert data handling, the Experian Automotive database houses over 4 billion records on a half a billion vehicles. Every AutoCheck vehicle history report will give you confidence when buying or selling your next used vehicle, with superior customer service every step of the way.

Patent Notice
Certain aspects of this vehicle history report may be covered by U.S. Patent 8,005,759.